A Little About Related Services

The term "related services" means transportation, and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services as may be required to assist the child with a disability to benefit from special education.

OT and PT services are provided "on behalf" of the student through a collaborative/ integrated approach which may include, but are not limited to the following: direct student contact, consultation with classroom staff, consultation with medical personnel, training of school staff, consult and training of parents.

OT and PT services may be provided with support to specific IEP goals (i.e. motor, handwriting or self-care), but may also be provided "on behalf" of the student to support to the student's IEP through any number of interventions as mentioned above.

A clear statement of how services are provided and how the student's IEP or goals are supported should be written within the IEP document. See "Determining Needs and Services " tab for detailed information.


US Department of Education
IDEA 2004 Related Services

Occupational therapy’s role in schools was the topic of Education Talk Radio’s broadcast yesterday morning. AOTA’s Pediatric Program Manager Sandra Schefkind, MS, OTR/L; and Loudoun County (Va.) Public Schools assistive technology trainer and occupational therapist Judith Schoonover, M.Ed, OTR/L, ATP, spoke with show host Larry Jacobs in a live interview about how OT practitioners work with students and their families. The show’s primary audiences are educators and parents of children in kindergarten through 12th grade. 45 minute interview is available here

APTA School-Based Therapy Special Interest Group (required APTA membership)

Online Module: Related Services: Common Supports for Students with Disabilities
IRIS Center (Vanderbilt)

National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities


Executive Council of Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy Examiners

Practice Settings for Physical Therapy
§346.1. Educational Settings.

(a) In the educational setting, the physical therapist conducts appropriate screenings, evaluations, and assessments to determine needed services to fulfill educational goals. When a student is determined by the physical therapist to be eligible for physical therapy as a related service defined by Special Education Law, the physical therapist provides written recommendations to the Admissions Review and Dismissal Committee as to the amount of specific services needed by the student (i.e., consultation or direct services and the frequency and duration of services).

(b) The physical therapist implements physical therapy services in accordance with the recommendations accepted by the school committee members and as reflected in the student's Admission Review and Dismissal Committee reports.

(c) The physical therapist may provide general consultation or other physical therapy program services for school administrators, educators, assistants, parents and others to address district, campus, classroom or student-centered issues. For the student who is eligible to receive physical therapy as a related service in accordance with the student's Admission Review and Dismissal Committee reports, the physical therapist will also provide the consultation and direct types of specific services needed to implement specially designed goals and objectives included in the student's Individualized Education Program.

(d) The types of services which may require a physician's referral in the educational setting include the provision of individualized specially designed instructions and the direct physical modeling or hands-on demonstration of activities with a student who has been determined eligible to receive physical therapy as a related service. Additionally, they may include the direct provision of activities which are of such a nature that they are only conducted with the eligible student by a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant. The physical therapist should refer to §322.1 of this title (relating to Provision of Services).

(e) Evaluation and reevaluation in the educational setting will be conducted in accordance with federal mandates under Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), 20 USC §1414, or when warranted by a change in the child's condition, and include onsite reexamination of the child. The Plan of Care (Individual Education Program) must be reviewed by the PT at least every 60 school days, or concurrent with every visit if the student is seen at intervals greater than 60 school days, to determine if revisions are necessary.

Source Note: The provisions of this §346.3 adopted to be effective October 13, 2002, 27 TexReg 9327; amended to be effective August 4, 2004, 29 TexReg 7303; amended to be effective March 5, 2007, 32 TexReg 1075; amended to be effective February 13, 2012, 37 TexReg 690; amended to be effective September 29, 2013, 38 TX Reg 6203.

School and ECI Practices FAQ

Texas Education Agency- State Guidance: Related Services

Legal Framework IDEA 2004
http://framework.esc18.net/ click on graphic to enter the Legal Framework. Select "other" and press the [[#|continue]] button. Scroll to find
SUPPLEMENTARY AIDS AND SERVICES, SPECIAL EDUCATION, RELATED SERVICES and other topics to find legal clarification on IDEA's [[#|application]] in TX.

Educational Model vs Clinical Model

Characteristics of Educationally Relevant Therapy and Medical/Clinical Therapy